", "In the Matter of Citicasters Co.: Notice of Apparent Liability for Forfeiture", "Nexstar Files Antitrust Suit Against Granite", "Nexstar, Granite Settle Antitrust Lawsuit, Returning Fox Affiliation to Fort Wayne's WFFT", "Meredith Buying Three Stations from Gannett", "FCC Targets Sinclair Sidecar Deals In 3 Mkts", "Armstrong Williams Purchases TV Stations", "FCC Asks Sinclair to Revise Plans to Use 'Sidecar' Companies", "Sinclair Offers to Sell Stations Ahead of FCC Decision", "Sinclair Proposes Restructuring of Allbritton Transaction in Order To Meet Objections of the Federal Communications Commission", "Sinclair Giving Up 3 Stations To Appease FCC", "FCC's Pai: JSA Overhaul Plan Still In Play", "Wheeler Vows To Take Closer Look at SSAs", "Wheeler Moves To End Sharing Agreements", "FCC proposes to curb TV stations' joint sales deals", "FCC To Scrutinize Station Sales with SSAs", "Media Bureau Announces the Effective Date of the Television Joint Sales Agreement Attribution Rule", "FCC Votes to Bar Stations from Jointly Selling Ad Time", "Congress Passes Spending Bill with JSA-Grandfathering Rider", "Gray closes Hoak deal; completes refinancing", "Sinclair Proposes Surrendering Three Licenses to Get Allbritton Deal Done", "Gray Buying Hoak, Prime Stations For $342.5M", "Gray Retains Minority Media and Telecommunications Council as Exclusive Broker for Transfer of Former Shared Services Stations", "Gray Sets Buyers For Its Six SSA Stations", "Gray Lines Up 2nd Station In Lincoln, NE", "Application for Consent to Assignment of Broadcast Station Construction Permit or License", "Re: Prime Cities Broadcasting, Inc. Request for Dismissal of Group Application for Assignment of Broadcast Station License(s)...", "New TV station offers lineup of iconic programming", "Howard Stirk Holdings Grabs WCIV for $50,000", "DESCRIPTION OF TRANSACTION AND UNIQUE SERVICE TO BE PROVIDED", "Amended Description of Agreements, Description of Transaction, and Request for Temporary Waiver", "Amendment to Agreements and Description of Transaction (KBJR-TV)", "Sinclair and Quincy Make Affiliation Deal, WSJV Employees Wonder What's Next", "WEEK-TV to broadcast ABC and CW signals", "Engineering Statement - Request For Special Temporary Authority", "Gray Television and WRDW News 12 Welcome WAGT NBC 26", Gray Closes Schurz Acquisition, Related Transactions, And Incremental Term Loan Facility, "Gray Blames Media General for Possible Job Losses at Augusta Station", "FCC Launches Investigation Of Media General", "Georgia Supreme Court strikes down Superior Court injunction over WAGT", "In the Matter of Media General Operations, Inc", "FCC Broadcast Television Spectrum Incentive Auction - Winning Bids", "Revamped TV5 parades new programs and roster of stars at its trade launch", https://en.wikipedia.org/w/index.php?title=Local_marketing_agreement&oldid=997739210, Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike License, In October 2008, Tribune Broadcasting and, In 2010, Nexstar announced a new joint news operation for its consolidated cluster in, This page was last edited on 2 January 2021, at 00:32. As Sinclair had already owned independent station WPTT (now MyNetworkTV affiliate WPNT) in that market, which would have violated FCC rules which at the time had prohibited television station duopolies, Sinclair decided to sell the lower-rated WPTT to the station's manager Eddie Edwards, but continued to operate the station through an LMA (Sinclair eventually repurchased the station – then assigned the call letters WCWB – outright in 2000, after the Federal Communications Commission began permitting common ownership of two television stations in the same market, creating a legal duopoly). [100], On June 13, 2014, Gray Television announced that it would shutter six stations and consolidate existing programming onto subchannels of Gray-owned stations in their respective market. Translate texts with the world's best machine translation technology, developed by the creators of Linguee. Local Control Stations - Control Panels - Control and Connection Equipment - Products - BARTEC Attention: Our e-mail addresses with the domain bartec-benke.de has changed to bartec.com! Yellow Pages Directory of Local Control Stations, Local Control Stations manufacturers, Traders, and Local Control Stations, Local Control Stations Suppliers & … One example occurred in December 2013, when the Louisiana Media Company (owned by New Orleans Saints and New Orleans Hornets owner Tom Benson) entered into a shared services agreement with Raycom Media to run the former company's Fox affiliate in New Orleans, Louisiana, WVUE-DT; while Louisiana Media Company retained the station's ownership and license, other assets were assumed by Raycom, which owns stations in markets adjacent to New Orleans (including Baton Rouge, Jackson, Biloxi, Lake Charles and Shreveport) but not within New Orleans itself. Fixed Installation and Vehicle Mounted GCS, Learn how and when to remove this template message, "Ground control stations for unmanned aerial vehicles (UAVs) are becoming networking-hub cockpits on the ground for U.S. unmanned forces", "using-a-ground-station-mission-planner.pdf", "Drone Technology - Drone and RPAS engineering | GCS 2.0", "Choosing a Ground Station — Copter documentation", https://en.wikipedia.org/w/index.php?title=UAV_ground_control_station&oldid=983793932, Articles needing additional references from December 2009, All articles needing additional references, Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike License, This page was last edited on 16 October 2020, at 08:12. UAV ground control station (GCS) is a land- or sea-based control centre that provides the facilities for human control of Unmanned Aerial Vehicles (UAVs or "drones"). The change in stance also prompted changes to then-proposed acquisitions by Gray Television and Sinclair Broadcast Group, who, rather than use sharing agreements to control them, moved their existing programming and network affiliations to digital subchannels of existing company-owned stations in the market, or a low-power station (which are not subject to ownership caps), and then relinquished control over the original stations by selling their licenses to third-parties, such as minority-owned broadcasters, Due to the FCC's limits on station ownership at the time (which prevented the common ownership of multiple radio stations), local marketing agreements in radio, in which a smaller station would sell its entire airtime to a third-party in time-buy, were widespread between the 1970s and early 1990s. It may also refer to a system for controlling rockets within or above the atmosphere, but this is typically described as a … [4], The first local marketing agreement in North American television was formed in 1991, when the Sinclair Broadcast Group purchased Fox affiliate WPGH-TV in Pittsburgh, Pennsylvania. [6] An internal computer running the GCS software sits behind the screen, along with the video and data links. Concentrating media outlets in the hands of just a few companies benefits only the companies themselves." It differs from broadcast television in that the signal is not openly transmitted, though it may employ point-to-point (P2P), point-to-multipoint (P2MP), or mesh wired or wireless links. They are generated by an electronic device called a transmitter connected to an antenna which radiates the waves, and received by a radio receiver connected to another antenna. In essence, it is a sort of lease or time-buy. [128][129] On March 23, 2016, the Supreme Court of Georgia struck down the injunction without addressing the litigation, and Gray took back control of WAGT. Rogers owns a 47% stake in WLYK's licensee, Border International Broadcasting. Radio waves are electromagnetic waves of frequency between 30 hertz (Hz) and 300 gigahertz (GHz). [126][127] Media General took back control of WAGT on March 7, 2016. [16], The increased scrutiny being imposed by the FCC regarding local marketing, shared services, and joint sales agreements have led to more drastic measures by broadcasting companies attempting to use them in acquisitions; in 2014, two broadcasting companies declared intents to shut acquired stations down entirely and consolidate their programming onto existing stations through multicasting, rather than attempting to use sidecars and sharing agreements or selling them to other parties that would assume full responsibility of their day-to-day operations. The internal software mode selected by the operator through the displays must be automatic control, which means that the application program executing … Wheeler indicated that he planned to address local marketing and shared services agreements in the future. The stations are affiliates of various television networks, including ABC, CBS, NBC, Fox and The CW as well as numerous specialty channels. Radio is the technology of signaling and communicating using radio waves. [75][77] Sinclair restructured the deal in March 2014, choosing to sell WHP-TV, WMMP and WABM, and terminate an SSA with the Cunningham-owned Fox affiliate WTAT in Charleston to acquire the Allbritton-owned stations in those markets (WCIV, WHTM-TV and WBMA-LD, while also creating a new duopoly between the ABC and CW affiliates in Birmingham), as well as foregoing any operational or financial agreements with the buyers of the stations being sold to other parties. [24][25], Both Sinclair and Nexstar became infamous for their frequent use of sidecars as part of their expansion and consolidation tactics, partnering with companies like Cunningham Broadcasting, Deerfield Media, Mission Broadcasting, and even each other in the case of a virtual duopoly in Harrisburg, Pennsylvania between Sinclair-owned CBS affiliate WHP-TV and Nexstar-owned CW affiliate WLYH-TV, and a former virtual duopoly in Rochester, New York between Nexstar-owned CBS affiliate WROC-TV and Sinclair-owned Fox affiliate WUHF (in the wake of Sinclair and Deerfield's purchase of ABC affiliate WHAM-TV, this particular arrangement ended in January 2014).[10][11][26]. "[82] In September 2014, Sinclair backtracked on its original plans, and reached deals to sell WCIV, WCFT and WJSU's license assets to Howard Stirk Holdings for $50,000 each and lease them studio space, pending FCC approval. [10] Many broadcasters that engage in the practice believe that such agreements are beneficial to the survival of television stations – especially in smaller markets, where the overall audience reach is considerably less than that of markets that are centered upon densely populated metropolitan areas, and the cost savings achieved through the consolidation of resources and staff may be necessary to fund a station's continued operation. All LCS available with SS hardware and earthing provision. Activists have argued that broadcasters were using these agreements as a loophole for the FCC's ownership regulations, that they reduce the number of local media outlets in a market through the aggregation or outright consolidation of news programming, and allow station owners to have increased leverage in the negotiation of retransmission consent with local subscription television providers. SD14 LCS 8Page Ver D 091814 CLOSED (RED) indicator Uses aux contacts from the actuator. [82], In response to criticism of the virtual duopolies and sharing agreements, the FCC began to consider potential changes to address these loopholes. LMAs in Canada cannot be implemented without the CRTC's approval, and in early 2005, the CRTC ordered the agreement to cease. [117][118] In 2018, Quincy re-purchased WISE and KDLH, under an assertion that both stations were not within the top 4 of their respective markets. UAV ground control station (GCS) is a land- or sea-based control centre that provides the facilities for human control of Unmanned Aerial Vehicles (UAVs or "drones"). They can either be placed on the ground, on a portable table, or feature integrated folding legs.[8]. [9] Even still, the related joint sales and shared services agreement structures became increasingly common during the 2000s; these outsourcing agreements proliferated between 2011 and 2013, when station owners such as Sinclair and the Nexstar Broadcasting Group began expanding their portfolios by acquiring additional stations in an effort to drive scale as well as to gain leverage in retransmission consent negotiations with cable and satellite television providers. [12][13] Both companies have since spun out their publishing arms as independent companies; the Tribune Publishing Company and Gannett Company. In 2001, the FCC issued a $40,000 fine against Sinclair for illegally controlling Glencairn.[8]. [1] It may also refer to a system for controlling rockets within or above the atmosphere, but this is typically described as a Mission Control Centre. And so too, I'll bet, would consumers in Charleston. Soon afterward, ABC and Media Prima were sued by rival media company GMA for attempting to use the partnership to skirt laws requiring domestic ownership of broadcasters. He also stated that the FCC could consider a license revocation hearing against Media General under Section 312 of the Communications Act. Depending on how the outsourcing agreement is structured, as well as how the brokered station is programmed, how the stations are consolidated and the amount of news programming featured on the brokered station may vary, for example: In February 2001, Clear Channel Communications subsidiary Citicasters was fined $25,000 for its use of time brokerage agreements and litigation for unlawfully controlling Youngstown, Ohio area radio station WBTJ (101.9 FM, now WYLR); the company had also been the target of complaints for using KFJO (FM) to rebroadcast KSJO after it had nominally sold KFJO to minority-owned interests. , it is a sort of lease or time-buy the technology of signaling and communicating local control station wikipedia radio are! Toepassing zijn.Zie de gebruiksvoorwaarden voor meer informatie the leading independent provider of process analytics and optimization solutions suppliers, &. 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